At a Pharmacy, Chemist or Drugstore, you will find a Professional that practices the science and technique of the preparation of drugs and the dispensing thereof. A Pharmacist is a Professional working in the Health Profession where Health Sciences is linked with Chemical Sciences. Its aim is to ensure the effective, safe, usage of pharmaceutical drugs.
There are known compilations of medicinal compounds from as early as the 6th century BC. These were from ancient, Indian, Sanskrit text, the Sushruta Samhita. Sumerian Clay Tablets record prescriptions for medicine from the late 6th millennium to the early 2nd millennium BC. The Ancient Egyptians and Ancient Greeks left pharmacological knowledge recorded in various written forms that were used as a basis for later scientific texts.
You will find Pharmacies in a variety of areas; for example, in hospitals, care facilities, clinics, community pharmacies, psychiatric facilities, and more. This is where most pharmacists, or chemists, practice their profession.
Community pharmacies usually have a retail storefront and a dispensary where you will find medications, dispensed by a pharmacist or chemist. All dispensaries are subject to their countries pharmacy legislation. This legislation will include requirements regarding storage conditions for medications, compulsory texts, equipment used, etc. that will be specified in the legislation.
The dispensing of medicines started long ago and the Pharmacy practice has evolved into a rather grocery store-like design, but regarding the dispensing of medications, there are still strict rules.
Pharmacies are required to always have a pharmacist on duty. Another requirement could be that the owner must be a registered pharmacist. Prescription medicine cannot be dispensed by anybody else than a qualified pharmacist.